路内停车效率评价模型研究
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中国人民公安大学交通管理学院

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U491.8

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国家重点研发计划资助(2023YFC3009702)


Research on evaluation model of on-street parking efficiency
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1.School of Traffic Management, People'2.'3.s Public Security University of China

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    摘要:

    路内停车效率评价是开展路内停车优化与管理、建设城市智慧停车系统的必要依据。为此,本文提出一种基于熵权Critic-Topsis模型的路内停车效率评价方法。首先,从停车位属性、运营特性、交通影响3个方面选取停车位数量、道路剩余宽度、累计停车数等9个指标构建路内停车效率评价指标体系。其次,针对路内停车效率评价指标的数据特点,提出熵权Critic-Topsis模型的评价方法,使用熵权法和Critic法综合计算各指标权重,再利用改进的Topsis模型对停车场进行量化评价。最后,以此模型对北京市10个路内停车场数据进行实例分析,得到各个路内停车场评价结果以及排名。研究结果表明:在路内停车效率评价指标体系中,停车位数量、停车位利用率和道路剩余宽度对评价结果影响较大,权重分别为:22.99%,13.72%和13.71%;在对北京市10个路内停车场实例分析中,工体东路、科苑路、花园北路等路内停车场得分较高,分别为0.6594,0.6113,0.6081,并且对得分较低的春和路和岭南路路内停车场给出了相关建议和优化措施,以期完善城市路内停车长效管理体系,提高城市交通管理水平。

    Abstract:

    The evaluation of on-street parking efficiency is considered a necessary basis for the optimization and management of on-street parking as well as the development of urban intelligent parking systems. Therefore, an evaluation method of on-street parking efficiency based on the entropy weight Critic-Topsis model is proposed in this paper. Firstly, nine indexes, such as the number of parking spaces, the remaining width of the road, and the cumulative number of parking, are selected from three aspects: parking space attributes, operating characteristics, and traffic impact, to construct the evaluation index system of on-street parking efficiency. Secondly, an evaluation method of the entropy weight Critic-Topsis model is proposed based on the data characteristics of the evaluation index of on-street parking efficiency. The entropy weight method and Critic method are employed to calculate the weight of each index, and then the improved Topsis model is utilized to quantitatively evaluate the parking lots. Finally, this model is utilized to analyze the data of 10 on-street parking lots in Beijing, resulting in the evaluation results and rankings for each parking lot. It is found that in the evaluation index system of on-street parking efficiency, the number of parking spaces, the utilization rate of parking spaces, and the remaining width of the road have significant influences on the evaluation results, with weights of 22.99%, 13.72%, and 13.71% respectively. In the case analysis of 10 on-street parking lots in Beijing, higher scores are observed for on-street parking lots such as Gongti East Road, Keyuan Road, and Huayuan North Road, which are 0.6594, 0.6113, and 0.6081, respectively. Moreover, relevant suggestions and optimization measures are provided for the on-street parking lots of Chunhe Road and Lingnan Road, which have lower scores, aiming to enhance the long-term management system of urban on-street parking and improve the level of urban traffic management.

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王东方,马社强,田婧. 路内停车效率评价模型研究[J]. 科学技术与工程, , ():

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  • 收稿日期:2024-04-16
  • 最后修改日期:2024-05-22
  • 录用日期:2024-06-05
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