基于扩展计划行为理论的民航飞行学员安全作风形成机理研究
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中国民航大学安全科学与工程学院

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X925

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教育部人文社会科学规划基金项目(23YJA190010);中央高校基本科研业务费-自然科学一般项目(3122022084);


Research on the formation mechanism of flight cadets’ safety working style based on extended theory of planned behavior
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School of Safety Science and Engineering, Civil Aviation University of China

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    摘要:

    为探究飞行学员的安全作风形成机理,基于计划行为理论,引入组织安全文化作为扩展变量,构建飞行学员的安全作风形成机理假设模型;编制并向160名飞行学员发放行为态度、主观规范、知觉行为控制、行为意愿、安全作风表现和组织安全文化6个问卷调查,通过直接路径效应、间接路径效应和调节效应分析验证验证理论模型的可行性。研究结果表明:飞行学员的行为意愿显著正向影响其安全作风表现,而行为态度、主观规范和知觉行为控制对安全作风表现的影响主要通过行为意愿进行传递,其中主观规范和知觉行为控制也可通过行为态度间接正向影响行为意愿,并最终对安全作风表现产生正向影响;组织安全文化在行为意愿对安全作风影响中起正向调节作用。增强飞行学员的高度安全责任意识,严格要求遵章守纪、按章操作,不断推动安全文化融入民航院校,能够帮助飞行学员提升安全作风水平,从根本上保障飞行安全。

    Abstract:

    To explore the formation mechanism of safety working style among flight cadets, a hypothetical model is constructed based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, incorporating organizational safety culture as an extended variable. Six questionnaires, including behavioral attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, behavioral intention, safety working style and organizational safety culture, were compiled and distributed to 160 flight cadets. The feasibility of the theoretical model was analyzed through direct path effects, indirect path effects, and moderation effect analysis. The results indicate that the behavioral intention of flight cadets has a significant positive impact on their safety working style. Behavioral attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control influence safety working style primarily through behavioral intention. Additionally, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control can indirectly enhance behavioral intention through behavioral attitude, ultimately leading to a positive impact on safety working style. Furthermore, organizational safety culture plays a positive moderating role in the impact of behavioral intentions on flight cadets’ safety working style. These findings give new perspectives that it is significant to enhance flight cadets' strong sense of safety responsibility, impose strict adherence to regulations and foster the integration of safety culture within civil aviation institutions which could effectively elevate their safety working style and ultimately ensure flight safety.

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王燕青,丁钇文,林育任. 基于扩展计划行为理论的民航飞行学员安全作风形成机理研究[J]. 科学技术与工程, , ():

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  • 收稿日期:2024-03-28
  • 最后修改日期:2024-05-24
  • 录用日期:2024-06-05
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