基于多重规则粒子群算法的复杂机电产品线缆自动布线
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南昌航空大学航空制造工程学院

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TP391

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江西省自然科学基金重点资助项目(20212ACB202005);国家重点实验室(工程中心、基地)开放基金资助项目(GT202108060)


Automatic Wiring of Cables for Complex Mechatronic Products Based on Multi Rules Particle Swarm Optimization
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School of Aeronautical Manufacturing Engineering,Nanchang Hangkong University

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    摘要:

    针对复杂机电产品线缆布局中布线路径设计耗时、耗力的问题,提出了基于多重规则粒子群算法的复杂机电产品线缆自动布线方法。首先分析了线缆布线环境,将布线路径抽象为点序列,完成线缆布线空间的定义。通过位姿变换,解决布线路径和零件之间干涉检测难的问题;为充分利用布线空间,将粒子的多重规则引入到粒子群算法当中;利用粒子个数、多尺度碰撞检测、相邻路径点置换方法和四阶准均匀B样条曲线法四种粒子规则,解决布线环境复杂而无法获得最优解的问题,提高了算法的搜索能力、求解速度以及线缆的布线质量。通过仿真分析,与其他算法进行对比证明了算法的优越性。实例证明,该方法可以在进行布线路径布局时高效的对可行路径进行搜索,生成的布线路径不与三维空间内零部件发生干涉,路径光顺无突变点,为复杂机电产品线缆自动布局提供了一种新思路。

    Abstract:

    Aiming at the problem of time-consuming and labor-intensive routing path design in the cable layout design of complex electromechanical products, an automatic routing technology for complex electromechanical product cables based on multi rules particle swarm algorithm is proposed. Firstly, the cable routing environment of electromechanical products is analyzed, and the routing path is abstracted into a sequence of points to complete the definition of cable routing space. Through pose transformation, the problem of difficult interference detection between wiring paths and parts in electromechanical products is solved; in order to make full use of wiring space, multiple rules of particles are introduced into particle swarm algorithm; the number of particles, multi-scale collision detection, phase The adjacent path point replacement method and the fourth-order quasi-uniform B-spline curve method have four particle rules, which solve the problem that the wiring environment is complex and cannot obtain the optimal solution, and improve the search ability, solution speed and cable wiring quality of the algorithm. Through simulation analysis, the superiority of the algorithm is proved by comparing with other algorithms. An example proves that this method can efficiently search for feasible paths when laying out the wiring paths, the generated wiring paths do not interfere with the components in the three-dimensional space, and the paths are smooth without sudden changes. A new idea is provided for the automatic layout of cables for complex mechanical and electrical products.

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王发麟,龚建华,蒋英吉,等. 基于多重规则粒子群算法的复杂机电产品线缆自动布线[J]. 科学技术与工程, , ():

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  • 收稿日期:2024-03-17
  • 最后修改日期:2024-05-16
  • 录用日期:2024-05-21
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