固化盾构渣土路用性能及固化机理研究
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1.南京理工大学物理学院;2.南京玻璃纤维研究设计院有限公司;3.南京理工大学机械工程学院;4.中国市政华北设计研究总院有限公司

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U416.

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国家自然科学(42002266),国家重点研发计划课题(2021YFC3002004)


Study on the Road Performance and Solidified Mechanism of Solidified Shield Muck
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School of Physics, Nanjing University of Science and Technology

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    摘要:

    为了探究固化盾构渣土应用于道路工程建设的可行性,以南京地铁盾构渣土为研究对象,利用自主研制的绿色高分子复合固化剂固化盾构渣土。开展无侧限抗压强度、直剪试验、加州承载比(CBR)、回弹模量以及冻融循环试验探究了固化剂掺量和养护龄期对盾构渣土路用性能指标的影响,并对固化土试样进行电镜扫描和X射线衍射试验来探究其微观特征和固化机理。试验结果表明:复合固化剂能有效提升固化土强度,且随着固化剂掺量和养护龄期的增加,固化土强度也随之提高;固化土的CBR值和回弹模量也随固化剂掺量提高而显著提升,能够很好地满足《公路路基设计规范》(JTG D30-2015)和《公路沥青路面设计规范》(JTG D50-2017)中有关路用性能指标的要求;盾构渣土的抗冻融稳定性经固化处理后可有效地改善,固化土冻融前后强度和质量损失分别在20%和1%以下,抗冻性能指标均达到了规范要求;固化剂加入盾构渣土后其中的高分子组分会吸水溶解并与土体中的矿物离子发生静电螯合作用,在初步降低土体含水率的同时也促进了土颗粒之间的胶结团聚,与此同时,固化剂的其它组分会发生水化反应形成水化硅酸钙凝胶(C-S-H)和钙矾石(AFt)等物质,这些物质填充在土体孔隙,使土体结构变得更加致密,土体的强度得到显著提升。

    Abstract:

    In order to investigate the feasibility of applying solidified shield muck in road construction, the shield muck from Nanjing Metro was taken as the research object, and the green polymer composite curing agent developed independently was used to solidify the shield muck. The impact of the curing agent dosage and maintenance age on the road performance indicators of the shield muck was analysed using various tests -unconfined compressive strength, direct shear test, California bearing ratio (CBR), resilient modules, and freeze-thaw cycle test.In addition, the micro-characteristics and solidification mechanism of the solidified soil were investigated by scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction. The results indicate that the composite curing agent can effectively improve the strength of solidified muck, and with the increase of curing agent dosage and maintenance age, the strength of solidified muck also increases. The CBR and resilient modulus of solidified shield muck substantially improve as the dosage of the curing agent elevates, and the solidified soil can well meet the requirements of the Specifications for Design of Highway Subgrades (JTG D30-2015) and Specifications for Design of Highway Asphalt Pavement (JTG D50-2017). The freeze-thaw resistance of shield muck is poor, while it can be effectively improved after curing treatment. The strength loss and mass loss of solidified soil are less than 20% and 1% respectively. The anti-freezing performance indicators meet the requirements of the specification. After the curing agent has been added to the soil body, the polymer components will absorb water and dissolve, creating a static chelating effect with the mineral ions in the soil, initially reducing the water content of soil and promoting the agglomeration between the soil particles.Meanwhile, the other components of the curing agent generate hydration reaction to form hydrated calcium silicate gel, ettringite and other substances to fill the internal pores of soil, making the soil structure denser and greatly improving the strength.

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李超,顾琳琳,肖天驰,等. 固化盾构渣土路用性能及固化机理研究[J]. 科学技术与工程, , ():

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  • 收稿日期:2023-12-07
  • 最后修改日期:2024-06-19
  • 录用日期:2024-07-09
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