基于视觉感知下的大兴安岭地区国家森林公园对个体压力恢复研究
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东北林业大学园林学院

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TU986

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国家林业和草原局软科学项目“新型城镇化背景下的黑龙江省国有林区林场所生态建设规划设计研究”(项目编号:2020131018)


Study on individual stress recovery in National forest Park of Greater Khingan Mountains region based on visual perception
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College of Landscape Architecture, Northeast Forestry University

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    摘要:

    现代生活方式导致的健康问题可以通过环境恢复,国家森林公园对人体身心健康的影响有待研究,为探讨视觉感知下国家森林公园对个体压力恢复的影响,以大兴安岭地区国家森林公园16个场地为样本,借助主观评价、生理指标分析不同空间场景类型的恢复性差异,以眼动追踪技术评估环境注意力偏好,对个体进行心理和生理及眼动实验。研究结果表明:大兴安岭地区国家森林公园具有积极的恢复性效益;四种空间场景类型中,密林空间对压力恢复具有更积极地效果,硬质空间的恢复效果最差,且个体投入较少的注意力于该空间;环境要素中自然程度高的乔灌木、草坪及水体等是个体主要专注的环境要素对象,能够引发人们积极的情绪,减轻压力;总注视时间和注视次数与个体主观恢复存在显著的相关关系,二者能解释个体的主观恢复程度。

    Abstract:

    Health problems caused by modern lifestyle can be restored by environment, and the impact of national forest parks on human physical and mental health remains to be studied. In order to explore the impact of national forest parks on individual stress recovery under visual perception, 16 sites of national forest parks in the Greater Khingan Mountains region were taken as samples, and the restorability differences of different spatial scene types were analyzed with the help of subjective evaluation and physiological indicators. Environmental attention preference was assessed using eye tracking techniques. Psychological and physiological and eye movement experiments were performed on individuals. The results show that the national forest park in the Greater Khingan Mountains region has positive restorative benefits; Among the four spatial scene types, dense forest space has a more positive effect on stress recovery, and hard space has the worst effect, and individuals pay less attention to this space. Among the environmental elements, trees, shrubs, lawns and water bodies with high natural degree are the main environmental elements that individuals focus on, which can trigger people's positive emotions and reduce pressure. There is a significant correlation between total fixation duration and fixation count and individual subjective recovery, which can explain the degree of individual subjective recovery.

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丁云翮,毛靓. 基于视觉感知下的大兴安岭地区国家森林公园对个体压力恢复研究[J]. 科学技术与工程, , ():

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  • 收稿日期:2023-11-01
  • 最后修改日期:2024-05-25
  • 录用日期:2024-05-29
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