多联机系统与轻钢装配式建筑一体化设计新方法
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TU392.5

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国家自然科学基金资助项目;湖南省自然科学基金资助项目


A New Method for Integrated Design of Variable Refrigerant Flow System and Light Steel Fabricated Buildings
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    摘要:

    近年来,轻钢装配式建筑因自身结构简单、施工快速便捷、环境效益高等优势,得到广泛关注与研究,并大量应用于工程实践,具有较大的应用前景。轻钢装配式建筑的出厂构件不宜被二次破坏,但传统暖通空调设计方法所导致的后续施工会破坏建筑结构。因此,传统暖通空调设计方法已不适用于轻钢装配式建筑。而目前针对暖通空调与轻钢装配式建筑融合发展的研究与应用相对较少。为填补适应轻钢装配式建筑的暖通空调设计方法的空白,作者提出了一种暖通空调系统与轻钢装配式建筑一体化设计新方法。并探究了适用于传统建筑的暖通空调设计方法与适用于轻钢装配式建筑的暖通空调设计方法的差异。根据这两种暖通空调设计方法的差异,在现有传统暖通空调设计理念的基础上,凝练出暖通空调系统与轻钢装配式建筑融合发展三项原则。这三项融合原则分别为结构安全优先、非同寿命周期和功能区弹性化原则。并基于上述三原则,进一步提出暖通空调系统与轻钢装配式建筑融合新方式,并以多联机系统为案例展开深入分析。研究结果表明,所提出的多联机系统与轻钢装配式建筑一体化设计新方法,能够弥补传统暖通空调设计方法应用于轻钢装配式建筑的不足。并能充分发挥轻钢装配式建筑自重轻、结构简单、构件小可暗装等优势。该研究为暖通空调系统与其它类型装配式建筑一体化设计开拓了思路,奠定了理论基础。

    Abstract:

    In recent years, light steel prefabricated building have received extensive attention and research due to their simple structure, fast and convenient construction, high environmental benefits and other advantages, and have been widely used in engineering practice.It has great application prospects. The components of light steel prefabricated building are not suitable for secondary damage, but the construction caused by the traditional HVAC design method damages the building structure. Therefore, the traditional HVAC design method is no longer applicable to light steel prefabricated building. At present, the research and application on the integrated development of HVAC and light steel prefabricated building are relatively few. In order to fill the gap of HVAC design method for light steel prefabricated building, a new integrated design method of HVAC system and light steel prefabricated building was proposed in this study. And the difference between the HVAC design method applicable to traditional buildings and the HVAC design method applicable to light steel prefabricated building were explored. According to the difference between the two HVAC design methods, on the basis of the existing traditional HVAC design concept, three principles of integration of HVAC system and light steel prefabricated building were summarized. These three fusion principles were structural safety priority, non identical life cycle, and functional area elasticity. Based on the above three principles, a new integration mode of HVAC system and light steel prefabricated building was proposed, and analysis was carried out with the case of multi split system. The research results show that the new integrated design method of multi split system and light steel prefabricated building can make up for the shortcomings of the traditional HVAC design method applied to light steel prefabricated building. And the method can give full play to the advantages of light steel prefabricated building, such as light deadweight, simple structure, small components that can be concealed. This work opens up a new idea and lays a theoretical foundation for the integrated design of HVAC systems and other types of prefabricated building.

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引用本文

许馨悦,李洪强,刘丽芳,等. 多联机系统与轻钢装配式建筑一体化设计新方法[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2024, 24(15): 6354-6365.
Xu Xinyue, Li Hongqiang, Liu Lifang, et al. A New Method for Integrated Design of Variable Refrigerant Flow System and Light Steel Fabricated Buildings[J]. Science Technology and Engineering,2024,24(15):6354-6365.

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  • 收稿日期:2023-06-28
  • 最后修改日期:2024-04-24
  • 录用日期:2023-10-20
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-06-04
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