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周彦希,关旭同,周天琪,等. 准噶尔盆地南缘上侏罗统-下白垩统地层不整合成因和构造演化意义——齐古断褶带剖面的启示[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2021, 21(19): 7916-7923.
Zhou Yanxi,Guan Xutong,Zhou Tianqi,et al.Origins of the Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous unconformity and its tectonic significance in the southern margin of the Junggar Basin—Insights from outcrops of the Qigu fold belt[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2021,21(19):7916-7923.
准噶尔盆地南缘上侏罗统-下白垩统地层不整合成因和构造演化意义——齐古断褶带剖面的启示
Origins of the Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous unconformity and its tectonic significance in the southern margin of the Junggar Basin—Insights from outcrops of the Qigu fold belt
投稿时间:2020-10-29  修订日期:2021-05-07
DOI:
中文关键词:  准噶尔盆地  晚侏罗世  早白垩世  不整合  构造
英文关键词:Junggar basin  Late Jurassic  Early Cretaceous  Unconformity  Structure
基金项目:准噶尔盆地深层(二叠系—中生界)构造特征与控油气作用
           
作者单位
周彦希 北京大学地球与空间科学学院
关旭同 北京大学地球与空间科学学院
周天琪 中国石油勘探开发研究院
周家全 北京大学地球与空间科学学院
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中文摘要:
      为了深化准噶尔盆地南缘新生代前构造演化研究,以准噶尔盆地南缘山前齐古断褶带上侏罗统-下白垩统露头剖面为例,利用野外地质调查、二维地震剖面解释、无人机航拍建模,分析上侏罗统和下白垩统地层之间地层接触关系,结合重矿物不稳定系数和地层厚度分布,得出区域不整合的成因,建立准噶尔盆地南缘山前晚侏罗世-早白垩世构造演化模式。结果表明:准噶尔盆地南缘齐古断褶带上侏罗统喀拉扎组和下白垩统清水河组地层之间存在角度不整合,与拉萨和羌塘地块的碰撞拼合背景下构造变形引起的剥蚀密切相关。自晚侏罗世进入挤压构造背景以来,天山北缘的构造活动经历了由强到弱的过程,强烈的构造抬升使得喀拉扎组沉积范围明显缩小并整体遭受暴露剥蚀,清水河组超覆在喀拉扎组地层之上形成区域不整合。
英文摘要:
      In order to profound the research about the pre-Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the southern Junggar basin. taking outcrop sections of the piedmont Qi ancient fault fold belt at the southern margin of the Junggar basin during the Jurassic-lower cretaceous as an example, field geological investigation, 2D seismic profile interpretation and modeling of UAV aerial photography were utilized to analyze the stratigraphic contact relationship between the upper Jurassic and lower Cretaceous beds. Combined with the instability coefficient of heavy minerals and the distribution of strata thickness, the origin of regional unconformity is derived. The late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous tectonic evolution model of the Piedmont in the southern margin of Junggar basin was established. The results show that there is an angular unconformity between the upper Jurassic Kalaza formation and the lower Cretaceous Qingshuihe formation in the Qigu fault-fold belt on the southern margin of Junggar basin, which is closely related to the denudation caused by structural deformation in the background of collision and amalgamation of the Lhasa and Qiangtang blocks. Since the compression tectonic setting during the late Jurassic, the tectonic activity of the northern margin of the Tianshan Mountain has experienced a process from strong to weak. The strong tectonic uplift significantly reduces the depositional range of the Kalaza formation by exposed erosion. The Qingshuihe formation overlapped the Kalaza formation to form the regional unconformity.
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