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王念秦,申辉辉,鲁兴生. 边坡变形监测技术发展现状及问题对策[J]. 科学技术与工程, 2021, 21(19): 7845-7855.
Wang Nianqin,Shen Huihui,Lu Xingsheng.The Development Status and Problem Countermeasures of Slope Deformation Monitoring Technology[J].Science Technology and Engineering,2021,21(19):7845-7855.
边坡变形监测技术发展现状及问题对策
The Development Status and Problem Countermeasures of Slope Deformation Monitoring Technology
投稿时间:2020-07-30  修订日期:2021-04-07
DOI:
中文关键词:  滑坡  变形  监测方法  新型监测技术
英文关键词:landslide  deformation  monitoring method  new monitoring technology
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目)
        
作者单位
王念秦 西安科技大学地质与环境学院
申辉辉 西安科技大学地质与环境学院
鲁兴生 西安科技大学地质与环境学院
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中文摘要:
      科学的监测预警工作是主动防范滑坡等地质灾害的重要手段,也是指导地质灾害工程综合防治的有效途径。清晰认知边坡变形监测技术的发展历程,了解监测技术的发展现状,不仅能够充分认识当前边坡变形监测领域的存在问题,更能为边坡变形监测技术的发展启迪思路。通过对当前边坡变形监测技术类型、特点、基本原理及使用方法归纳总结,结合边坡变形监测设备的自动化程度,将边坡变形监测技术划分为常规边坡变形监测技术和新型边坡变形监测技术两大类。进而,分析探讨了监测理论、监测技术、监测过程中存在的问题,并提出针对性对策。
英文摘要:
      Scientific monitoring and early warning work is an important means to actively prevent landslides and other geological disasters, and it is also an effective way to guide the comprehensive prevention and control of geological disasters. A clear understanding of the development history of slope deformation monitoring technology and understanding of the development status of monitoring technology can not only fully understand the current problems in the field of slope deformation monitoring, but also inspire ideas for the development of slope deformation monitoring technology. By summarizing the types, characteristics, basic principles and using methods of current slope deformation monitoring technology, combined with the automation degree of slope deformation monitoring equipment, the slope deformation monitoring technology is divided into conventional slope deformation monitoring technology and new slope deformation monitoring technology two major categories of monitoring technology. Furthermore, it analyzes and discusses the problems existing in the monitoring theory, monitoring technology and monitoring process, and puts forward the targeted countermeasures.
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